Sugar cane is a tropical and subtropical grass. Its long stems grow tall with blade-like leaves and clusters of white flowers. The cane is squeezed for juice that is high in sucrose. It is processed on-site into unrefined sugar, and in certain areas, the juice is boiled down to make a molasses-like brown sugar called jaggery.
Sugar cane was the first cultivated crop for sugar production. Most of today's refined sugar is produced from it. Many other types of sugar exist - for example, fructose (fruit sugar) and lactose (milk sugar), but we usually commonly assume the word